Natural farming was developed in Japan by Masanobu Fukuoka but has been used all over the world, especially in developing countries with peasant populations.
Fukoaka felt that farming should be a spiritual philosophy for life, bringing humans into harmony with themselves and with nature. Natural farming is based on minimal disturbance of nature, and so chemical inputs, tillage, mechanisation and even weeding are rejected. Local ecosystems are observed in great detail and then copied by the farmer, who sows crop seed among existing ground cover plants. Hens, ducks and fish are present in crop fields. As in forest gardens, creation of a climax ecosystem is seen as the ideal goal of the farmer