Biological transport remains the ideal way to reduce our consumption of energy, however it is not possible for everyone to use this mode of transport. The priorities are not absolute, but the general picture remains that after biological methods, mechanical systems remain a better option than chemical ones. Electric vehicles offer a clean and green alternative to petrol and diesel powered transport.

Pure electric vehicles are powered solely by on-board batteries. The new generation of electric cars have a range typically of 80 to 100 miles on a full charge, sufficient for the commuting and daily driving patterns of many people. The vehicles must pass the stringent safety testing which applies to all cars and in terms of overall performance they will be suitable for normal use including motorway driving. The electric car finally seems to be on the verge of breaking through, offering significant environmental benefits, especially in urban areas. Innovative business models are on the way which should boost consumer acceptance and overcome the remaining barriers, such as high battery costs, green electricity supply and charging infrastructure. Electric bikes are a cheaper and more viable option for commuting and there are no driving license restrictions.