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Permaculture Principles

Right from the start Permaculture has been principles-based. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren have given us 3 sets of the Permaculture Principles (below). Today Permaculturalists refer to these principles all the time, for inspiration with their designs. These principles are at the heart of all Permaculture teaching.

Principles from "Introduction to Permaculture" by Bill Mollison & Reny Mia Slay

Stated in "Introduction to Permaculture" by Bill Mollison & Reny Mia Slay

permaculture designers manual cover

Principles from "Permaculture: A Designers' Manual" by Bill Mollison

Principles from Permaculture a Designers' Manual by Bill Mollison.

This is the definitive Permaculture design manual in print since 1988. It is the textbook and curriculum for the 72-hour Certificate course in Permaculture Design.


You may also be interested in this podcast, where Geoff Lawton covers the contents of the Designers' Manual in about an hour.

Holmgren Principles Book

David Holmgren Principles

Principles proposed by David Holmgren in his book Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability. David Holmgren, Holmgren Design Services, Australia, 2003, 320pp. Principles from "Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability" by David Holmgren